Possibly a study with differences for one of the central figures in Pater's picture Une fête galante, Le repos dans un parc, formerly in the collection of the Earl of Pembroke and now in the City Art Museum, Saint Louis. Comparable drawings of two female figures by Pater are in Rotterdam (P. Rosenberg and L.-A. Prat, Antoine Watteau, 1684-1721, Catalogue raisonné des dessins, Milan, 1996, III, no. R728) and in the Louvre (inv. no. 27546).
The numbering on this drawing indicates that it comes from an album commonly called 'Groult' which originally contained more than 500 sheets by Pater and Watteau (see P. Rosenberg, 'L'album Groult, dit aussi album Lepeltier', in Preussen: die Kunst und das Individuum. Beitrage gewidmet Helmut Borsch-Supan, Berlin, 2003, pp. 29-39).