(a) The Rose-coloured Starling is found mostly in the open plains and rocky areas of eastern Europe and west and central Asia. It winters primarily in India and often forms huge flocks where there is abundant food, such as locusts and cereal grain.
(b) The Common Starling is found throughout much of the Palearic with movements south to winter in southern Europe, North Africa, and southern Asia, east to central India and southern China.
(c) The Golden-fronted Leafbird is found in southern Asia, particularly in deciduous forests, open woodlands and secondary growth where they feed on insects, fruits and nectar.
(d) The Indian Emerald Dove is a subspecies found mainly in lowland woodland and secondary growth areas in southern Asia.