This work has been authenticated by Mme Jacqueline Matisse Monnier and the Association Marcel Duchamp.
In 1938 Duchamp was asked by the editors of XXe Siècle - a lavish French art magazine - for a contribution to their publication. He readily accepted, for he was anxious to produce a facsimile of his Monte Carlo Bond, which he wanted to include in his valise (see lot no. 132). As in other publication projects that he accepted at this time, this would provide the idea opportunity to secure multiple copies. After several noteworthy changes were made (for such a large quantity, for example, the image of his lathered head had to be mechanically printed), Duchamp prepared a full-scale color lithograph of bond no. 12, which had not yet been stamped or signed, and over 2,000 copies were run off and included as hors texte plates in the Christmas issue of the magazine. After a number of additional modifications were made, well over 300 extra prints were set aside for inclusion in the valise. This is an example of the Monte Carlo Bond removed from an issue of XXe Siècle.