Pierre Roussel, maître in 1745.
This commode is embellished with illusionistic cube parquetry, which is characteristic of the oeuvre of Pierre Roussel (1723-1782). It is very closely related to other examples by Roussel which share the same slightly breakfront shape as well as the parquetry pattern. These include a virtually identical commode, possibly the pair to it, but with different ormolu mounts, which was proposed at Sotheby's London, 13 December 1991, lot 120, and again at Bonhams London, 5 April 2000, lot 146. Another one sold Christie's, London, 29 July 1954, lot 90, and a further example sold Christie's, London, 29 March 1979, lot 109. A similar commode is illustrated in P. Kjellberg, Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 1998, p.740, fig.B).
Interestingly, similar patterns figure on commodes stamped by other ébénistes, including Jacques Laurent Cosson and Léonard Boudin, who was acting probably as a marchand ébéniste (see P. Kjellberg, Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 2002, p.105).
Pierre Roussel concentrated mainly on pieces decorated with fine marquetry for which he became particularly well known. One of his biggest patrons was the prince de Condé for whom he supplied furniture for the Palais Bourbon and the château de Chantilly.