Jean-Baptiste I Tilliard, maître in 1717.
This elegant duchesse brisée is characteristic for the oeuvre of Tilliard. The most prominent feature of his work is the heart-shaped cabochon to the seat and toprail, which is almost exclusive to his production. Another recurrent feature in Tilliard's work is the 'fan-shaped' or 'palmette plissée' carving to the top of the legs, which also features on the present piece.
Related chairs by Tilliard featuring heart-shaped cabochons and fan-headed legs are illustrated in P. Kjellberg, Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIème siècle, Paris, 2002, p.873 and p.877, figs d and e, in G. Jeanneau, Les Sièges, Paris, 1967, pls.130, 175, 190, and in J.Nicolay, L'Art et la Manière des Maître ébénistes Français au XVIIIème siècle, Paris, 1956, pp 457-459. Tilliard's distinctive heart-shaped cabochons can also be found on fauteuils by the ébéniste, in the Wrightsman Collection (F.J.B Watson, The Wrightsman Collection, New York, 1966, vol.I, p.48, p.66-67).