Jacques Dubois, maître in 1742.
The 'C' couronne poincon was a tax mask employed on any alloy containing copper between March 1745 and February 1749.
This superb commode by Dubois is a perfect illustration of the ébéniste's ability to produce elegant pieces with an almost lifelike character. The use of striking directional veneers of bois satiné, and vigorously-chased mounts to frame an otherwise plain ground, conveys a certain relief to this commode, demonstrating once again the outstanding craftsmanship and talent of the ébéniste.
The vine-wrapped scrolled cartouche and legs, and use of directional veneers of bois satiné are among the distinctive elements in Dubois's oeuvre. Such characteristics can be found on various commodes stamped by the ébéniste, including the celebrated encoignure by Dubois, now in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles (Inv.79DA66), a commode sold at Christie's, London, 10 April 2002, lot 290, and another decorated with lacque du Japon, ill. T. Wolvesperges, Le Meuble Français en lacque au XVIIIe siècle, Bruxelles, 2000, p. 300.
The pierced rockwork and foliate-cast medallions which adorn the sides of the present commode are also particularly noteworthy and can be found on a further commode by Dubois, offered Christie's, London, 5 July 2001, lot 256.
Like Dubois, the ébéniste Matthieu Criaerd, maître in 1738, also used shield-shaped cartouches to adorn the front of several of his commodes, among which a commode in the Musée du Louvre, Paris (inv. OA10456) (ill. Alcouffe, A. Dion-Tenenbaum, and A. Lefébure, Furniture Collections in the Louvre vol. I, Dijon, 1993, pp. 152), and a further commode from the Dauphin's Cabinet Privé at Versailles dated 1748. (inv. V 4948) and ill. in D. Meyer, Versailles, Furniture of the Royal Palace, 17th and 18th Centuries, Dijon, 2002, p. 61). For further related examples by Criaerd, see P. Kjellberg, Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 2002, p. 250, figs. a and b, and p.252).