These chairs are modeled on a type of standing folding deck chair first seen in English furniture pattern books of the mid 19th century. The Heal and Son catalogue from 1866 advertised such chairs as 'suitable for India, China and the Colonies.' They were made for personal use on verandas as well as on ships decks that traveled the Far East. A deck chair from Bombay with carved lion's head terminals similar to the feet on the above lot is illustrated in Amin Jaffer's Furniture from British India and Ceylon, fig. 156.