Throne chairs were used in a variety of settings, including palaces, temples, and at the imperial court. They were constructed in a multitude of forms, and the present form appears to be one of the more unusual, with its hexagonal base and rails of conforming shape. A closely related throne chair can be seen in situ in the Jiao Tai Dian (Hall of Celestial and Terrestrial Union) in the Forbidden City, illustrated in Palaces of the Forbidden City, Hong Kong, 1986, p. 80. Another throne chair of related form can also be seen in situ in the Zhonghe Dian (Hall of Middle Harmony), in the Forbidden City, illustrated in Ming Qing Guting Jiaju Da Guan, Beijing, 2006, p. 685, fig. 780.
Compare, also, the style of painting of the lotus scroll on the present throne to that on a smaller throne chair, also painted in gilt lacquer on a red ground, sold in these rooms, 15-16 September 2011, lot 1358.