This richly and superbly carved table belongs to the type of the "Second Rococo style" furniture which was in vogue and decorated rooms of the Russian Imperial Palaces in the middle of the 19th century. See: Household interior decoration in the nineteenth-century Russia, The exhibition in the Pavlovsk Museum, Leningrad, 1977, pp.23-27, ills. 98-125.
THE WINTER PALACE
Tsar Peter I commissioned the Winter Palace in 1711, only eight years after St. Petersburg was founded. Initially a very modest two story building it was enlarged ten years later by the German architect Georg Johann Mattarnovi and again by Domenico Trezzini before 1731. The lasting enlargement started with Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli (1700 - 1771) who had the limited brief of 'making modifications'. Although he started in 1732 and enlarged it by incorporating noblemen's palaces in the process, he was only able to fully rebuild it when his plans were approved in 1754. The project was so vast that Rastrelli personally had to argue for the release of the necessary funds before the Senate. The new palace with 1500 rooms was finished in 1760. A.B. Granville, when visiting in 1827, commented that the Palace occupied an area of 400,000 square feet and that upwards of 2000 people resided in the palace and even more when the Emperor lodged in St. Petersburg. The palace was extensively refurbished under the direction of the architect V.P. Stasov following a disastrous fire in 1837, during the reign of Nicholas I, and it is likely that this splendid rococo revival table was supplied at this time.