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Property from the Collection of David Gainsborough Roberts
Post Lot Text
King Charles I was born in Dunfirmline Palace, Scotland on 19th November 1600. The son of King James I and Anne daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark and succeeded to the throne in 1625 claiming rule by divine right. He defied parliament and after seizing five dissident MPs he triggered the English Civil War. Charles and his Royalist army was defeated at the battle of Naseby in 1645. After being convicted of treason he was sentenced to death by the Protectorate and beheaded in London. He went to his execution wearing two wool shirts as it was a bitterly cold day and according to an eyewitness account he did not want his shivering to be mistaken for fear.
The choice of dates on the reverse may cause confusion, as historians record the execution of Charles I as taking place on January 30th 1649, however during the 17th century the new year began on the 25th March, a practice that continued in England until 1752 when the present date of 1st January was adopted. The reason for the alternate dates inscribed on the pendant may be for supporters of the Stuart cause resident in Scotland where the Gregorian calendar had already been adopted