CLEMENT XIV (1705-1774). Sacra Rituum Congregatione ... beatificationis et canonizationis ... Johannis de Palafox et Mendoza ... summarium super duo. Rome: Camera Apostolica, 1770-1771.
2 volumes in 3, 2° (330 x 215mm). Folding engraved frontispiece by M. Sorello after C. Maratti. Woodcut tailpieces. (Occasional browning and spotting.)
BINDING: contemporary Spanish red morocco for Carlos III as king of Spain, border of palmettes and saw-tooth rolls, the arms at centre made up of small tools, surmounted by a crown and with mantling painted in white, corners and sides of the panel with drawer tools and gouges linked by cross-hatching and double-stemmed flowers, spine compartments lettered with title and repeated floral tooling, gilt edges painted with cartouches and heraldic emblems, white-and-gold floral endpapers.
PROVENANCE: Carlos III, king of Spain, and earlier king of Naples and Sicily (binding).
A SUMPTUOUS ROYAL BINDING IN REMARKABLY FINE CONDITION. The son of Philip V and Elizabeth Farnese, Carlos III (1716-1788) became king of Naples and Sicily in 1735, following their conquest in the war of the Polish Succession. In 1759 he succeeded his half brother, Ferdinand VI, on the Spanish throne, Naples and Sicily passing to his third son, Ferdinand (later Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies). In the American War of Independence, he entered the war on the American side and by the Treaty of Paris, 1783, regained Florida and Minorca, territores which had been ceded to England after the Seven Years' War. Noted for his economic and administrative reforms, and for the expulsion of the Jesuits (1767), Carlos III is widely regarded as the greatest Bourbon king of Spain. The process of canonization of Juan de Palafox y Mendoza (1600-1659), Bishop of Puebla de Los Angeles and 'visitador general' of Mexico, began in 1726 under Benedict XIII, and continued under the pontificates of Benedict XIV, Clement XIII, Clement XIV and Pius VI. The Summarium, published during the short papacy of Clement XIV (1769-1774), stated how far the process of canonization had reached and was clearly intended to win votes. At a final session held on 28 February, 1777, 26 out of 41 votes were cast in favour of beatification; however, Pius VI suspended the final decision. (3)