KETHAM, Johannes de (fl. 1455-70). Fasciculus medicinae. - PETRUS DE TUSSIGNANO (fl. 1400). Consilium pro peste evitande. - MUNDINUS. Anatomia. - RHASIS. De aegritudinibus puerorum. Venice: Joannes and Gregorius de Gregoriis, de Forlivio, 28 March 1500.
Four parts in one, 2o (312 x 217 mm). Collation: a-e6 f4 (a1r woodcut of Petrus de Montagnana, a1v woodcut of Petrus with students, a2r woodcut diagram of the 4 temperaments, urine samples, a2v Fasciculus medicinae, c5v Petrus de Tussignano, d4r Mundinus, f3v Rhasis, f4v colophon). 34 leaves. 64 lines, double column. Types: 35:74G., 26:110R, 19/24:64G, 34:58G, 57G (diagrams). 10 full-page woodcut scenes and diagrams, woodcut ornamental initials from several sets. (Some wormholes catching some letters, those on a6, b1, b5, c2, c5 and d3 repaired.) Modern boards. Provenance: acquired from August Laube, 1969.
Third edition in Latin, the first to include the Rhasis De aegritudinibus puerorum. The Fasciculus medicinae was "the first printed medical book to be illustrated with a series of realistic figures." Of the 10 woodcuts in the present edition, the first eight appeared in the 1493 edition, one depicting the sickroom of a man with the plague (c4) is a close copy of one also from the 1493 edition, and another, the dissection cut, is an almost identical copy from the 1495 edition. They are the work "of an artist of the first rank" (PMM), and have been attributed to the school of Gentile Bellini. "The designs [have] a dignity worthy of Mantegna. They are almost near enough in character to justify an attribution of the design to the master himself [but the] classic sense inspired by Mantegna, suggests Mantegna's brother-in-law, Gentile Bellini" (Hind, History of the Woodcut, II, pp.495-6).
The collection of medical tracts which circulated as the Fasciculus Medicinae was attributed since the first edition in 1491 to Johannes de Ketham. He has now been convincingly identified as Hans von Kircheim, professor of medicine at Vienna. He was not the author, however, since the collection was already in circulation by 1400, but he used the collection with his students. BMC V, 351 (IB. 21150); H *9776; IGI 5299; Klebs 573.3; Essling 588; Sander 3746; Goff K-15.