W.M. Laffan, E. Strahan, "The Club at Play," Scribner's Monthly, vol. 17, February 1879, pp. 475-78.
G. Hendricks, The Life and Work of Winslow Homer, New York, 1979, pp. 107, 113, fig. 169, illustrated.
P.H. Wood, K.C.C. Dalton, Winslow Homer's Images of Blacks: The Civil War and Reconstruction, exhibition catalogue, Houston, Texas, 1988, p. 133.
G. Stone, History and Archaeology of Montauk, Stony Brook, New York, 1993, p. 303.
J.A. Strong, The Montaukett Indians of Eastern Long Island, Syracuse, New York, 2001, p. 151n3.
L. Goodrich, A.B. Gerdts, Record of Works by Winslow Homer: 1867 Through 1876, vol. II, New York, 2005, pp. 306-07, no. 525, illustrated.