Ngawang Namgyal (1594-1651) was born in Ralung, Tibet as the heir to the Drukpa lineage based around the powerful monastery in that town. At an early age, he was enthroned as the hereditary prince of the monastery and recognized as the reincarnation of the Fourth Gyalwang Drukchen. However, a rival put forth his own candidate for the Drukchen reincarnation, and after establishing a connection to a powerful lord in Central Tibet, made Ngawang Namgyal's position in Ralung untenable. Fleeing to Bhutan in 1616, Namgyal established his seat of power in the Thimpu Valley, and through battle and diplomacy consolidated his power over all of Bhutan. A highly spiritual leader, Namgyal, who took the title of Shabdrung (at whose feet one submits), continued to propagate Buddhism while also establishing secular government institutions. He is seen today as the founding father of the state of Bhutan.