The sitter was one of the sons of Duke Maximilian of Saxony and his wife Princess Caroline of Parma. In 1854, he succeeded his brother Frederick-Augustus II as King of Saxony. Among the children from his marriage to Princess Amalia of Bavaria, celebrated in 1822, were the future King Albert I of Saxony and Princess Elisabeth, later Duchess of Genoa. A miniature depicting the latter, also by Naumann, was in the Collection of the late King Umberto II of Italy, sold Sotheby's, Geneva, 12 November 1984, lot 73.
Carl-Friedrich Naumann (1813-1859) was appointed Court Miniaturist to the King of Saxony in 1855.