There is a variant by the same hand now in the collection of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, for which see Sotheby’s, London, 6 November 2007, lot 5 (‘Circle of Samuel Scott’, £36,500), and for the same picture see J. Russell Harper, Painting in Canada, Toronto, 1966, p.33, illustrated pl.27.
The source of the composition is the 1751 drawing A Prospect of Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia, taken on the spot by J.H. Bastide 1751 (King George III Topographical Collection, British Library). The military engineer John Henry Bastide (c.1700-c.1770) was in charge of rebuilding Fort Anne at Annapolis in 1740. Annapolis in Nova Scotia, originally settled by the French in 1605 and named Port Royal, was renamed by the British for Queen Anne in the early 18th century. Annapolis had been the first permanent European settlement in North America, and was the capital of Nova Scotia during the early 18th century.