King William III was the son of William II of Orange and Mary, Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria. He was a sovereign prince of the House of Orange-Nassau and became King of England, Scotland and Ireland on overthrowing King James II during the Glorious Revolution. William III ruled with his consort, Mary II, daughter of the deposed King James II. Their marriage did not produce any children and by 1700 Mary's sister, Princess Anne, was the only Protestant left in the line of succession. Despite attempts by the Jacobites to reclaim the throne, Anne became Queen in 1702, on the death of William III.