Audley End, now overseen by English Heritage, was built on the site of a Benedictine monastery, which was granted to Sir Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor, by Henry VIII in 1538. The original house was demolished by his grandson, Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk and Lord Treasurer, to make way for a grander residence to entertain King James I. It was bought by King Charles II in 1668, due to its vacinity to Newmarket, but returned to the Suffolks in 1701.
This painting shows the house in its current, reduced form, with the addition of Adam's new service wing to the left (screened by planting), which was commissioned by Sir John Griffin, later 4th Baron Howard de Walden and 1st Baron Braybrooke. Sir John also commissioned Capability Brown to landscape the parkland.