2 - 3 June 2015
FERDINANDO QUAGLIA (ITALIAN, 1780-1853)
Ferdinand III of Habsburg (1759–1824), Grand-Duke of Tuscany 1790-1801, in the uniform of an Austrian Field Marshal, wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece and the red sash and breast-star of the Order of St Joseph of Tuscany
Signed 'Quaglia' (mid-left)
Oval, 50 mm. high, in rectangular gilt-metal easel-stand frame with foliate spandrels and acanthus leaf border
Leo Schidlof's Kunstauktionshaus, Vienna, 6 November 1925, lot 311 (as a member of the Imperial House of Austria).
Jacques Modern (1867–1942) Collection, Vienna; Kunsthandlung C. J. Wawra, Vienna, 7 April 1930, lot 74 (erroneously as Archduke Charles of Austria).
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L. R. Schidlof, The Miniature in Europe, Graz, 1964, II, p. 658.
C. Parisio, Ferdinando Quaglia 1780-1853, da Piacenza a Parigi, Brescia, 2012, p. 45 (as Archduke Charles).
The sitter was the second son of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and his wife Infanta Marie Louise of Spain and he was the younger brother of the future Emperor Francis I of Austria. He succeeded his father as Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1791. His reign was overshadowed by the invasion of the French Revolutionary troops. In 1799 he had to leave Florence and fled to Vienna. From 1803 to 1805, he became Elector of Salzburg but was equally expelled. In 1807, he was compensated with the ephemeral Grand Duchy of Würzburg which he also had to leave in 1814. His homeland of Tuscany was finally returned to him after the Congress of Vienna. From his marriage with his first cousin Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Naples, he had six children, and his second marriage with Princess Maria of Saxony remained without descent.
Prospective purchasers are advised that several countries prohibit the importation of property containing materials from endangered species, including but not limited to coral, ivory and tortoiseshell. Accordingly, prospective purchasers should familiarize themselves with relevant customs regulations prior to bidding if they intend to import this lot into another country.
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