Catharina Schindlerin was born in Germany and came to England in 1775, settling in London. She sang at the King's Theatre in Haydn's opera Armida. In her diary, Fanny Burney describes her saying 'she was young, and by many thought handsome; her figure was elegant and graceful on the stage, and she was a good actress. Her voice was a mere thread, for the weakness of which there was neither taste nor knowledge to compensate, and off the stage she was silly, insipid and coquettish'.
This miniature is a copy after the oil painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds, popularised by the mezzotint by John Raphael Smith of 1777. Williamson and Engleheart (loc. cit.) record that the miniature was paid for on 8 January 1781.