Ferdinando Arisi dated the present work to 1720-24, considering it the earliest of Panini's various treatments of this subject and 'un lavoro di grande impegno'. Other versions of the subject include the large upright canvas dated 1737, painted as part of a series for Philip V of Spain (Segovia, San Ildefonso; Arisi, loc. cit., no. 243), and a composition that is fairly closely related to this one, which has been dated circa 1727 (Munich, Alte Pinakothek; Arisi, loc. cit., no. 172).
We are grateful to Professor David Marshall for confirming the attribution of this painting, declaring it 'one of the best of this phase of his [Panini's] career'.