One of Hendrick van Balen's most ambitious paintings and apparently his largest surviving work on panel, this picture has been dated to circa 1620 by Bettine Werche (loc. cit.). She compares it to the Gathering of Manna, another large-scale, multi-figural composition (canvas, 166 x 241 cm.), in the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, Brunswick, which features a similarly posed female anchoring the picture in the right corner. In this period, van Balen was frequently working in collaboration with his friend, Jan Breughel the Elder, and the latter's son Jan Breughel the Younger, to whom the landscape in this work was first attributed by Dr. Klaus Ertz (certificate, dated 18 January 1985) and latterly endorsed by Werche (loc. cit.).
A copy on canvas (100 x 218 cm.), given to the van Balen workshop is in the Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp (inv. 952).