Qian Yi was a son of the quickly-deposed king of Wuyue (907-978), Qian Hongzong (929-973, r. 947), who lost the throne to his step-brother, Qian Hongchu, following a coup d'etat. Their uncle's reign did not last long, as he surrendered the kingdom to the rapidly-solidifying Northern Song dynasty in 978; nevertheless, the royal family enjoyed an elevated status in Song society, and it is in this context that Qian Yi and his brother Qian Kun were raised.
Qian Yi completed the jinshi examination and became a member of the Hanlin Academy in 1025, only to die the next year after working continuously for several days without rest. As an artist, he was known for his running and cursive scripts, especially those on large banners several meters in length, as well as for his paintings. In addition to being a skilled painter and calligrapher, he was also a prolific poet and writer.
Yuwen Gongliang became a jinshi official in 1333, the first year of the Yuan dynasty. He composed many books of poetry and was a talented artist. In 1346, he painted Qiutian Shanju Tu, a mountain landscape.
Zhou Chu, also known as Zhou Qishan, was a native of Wujin (present day Changzhou in Jiangsu province) during the Ming dynasty. He was a landscape painter who was particularly adept at painting dragons and bovines.