Su Shi (1037-1101), Huang Tingjian (1045-1105), Mi Fei (1051-1107), and Cai Xiang (1012-1067) were the four major masters of calligraphy in the Song dynasty, but their surviving works are rare. As for Qin Guan (Qin Huaihai), who was one of the Four Scholars of the Su Shi School, his calligraphy has never been found in any public or private collections, neither in China nor outside of China.
The end of this scroll concludes "Huai Hai scholar Qin Guan wrote on the day of Shangyuan, third year of the Yuanfeng era". In the third year of Yuanfeng (1080), Qin Shaoyou was thirty-two years old, and therefore the work belonged to his mid-career. The scroll includes seals by the following scholars: Zhao Mengfu and Zheng Wenyuan from the Yuan dynasty; Yang Shiqi from the Ming dynasty; and Bian Yongyu, Weng Fanggang, and Ruan Yuan from the Qing dynasty, as well as Han Shenguang from the modern period. The scroll also contains an ancient seal, "Song yue zi hong wen li kun gua xiang." Also, according to Weng Fanggang's colophon, the other two seals "Zhong wu lu shi song hua tang yin" and "Yu lin xin shang" could not be identified. Weng thought these two seals might have been cut and there might have been colophons following them. Also, the seal "Zhong wu lu shi song hua tang," as well as "Yu lin xin shang" from the calligraphy of Weng Fanggang are hard to recognize.
Xu Hanqing gave his personal comments on this work in his notes, "This scroll is included in the first volume of the Six Arts from Imperial Si Ku Quan Shu (p. 382), Shi Gu Tang Shu Hua Tang Kao, and Shu Hua Jian Ying. Also, Ruan Yuan once recorded the work in his collection of poems titled Bi Jing Shi Shi Ji.
Also, in the sixth year of Jiaqing, Qin Nongjun from Wuxi inscribed Qin Guan's calligraphy of Yong Zhu Shi in the first volume of his six-volume Ji Chang Yuan Rubbings.
The titleslip of this scroll on the outside mounting is titled as Si Qian, who was also known as Xu Jichuan. Xu's Tian Quan Ge had an impressive collection of books and paintings. The seal "Xia shan zhen cang" reveals that the scroll was collected by Han Shenxian. (Han was an importmant member of the Chinese Ancient Calligraphy and Painting Appraisal Team. It was led by Xie Zhiliu and five other members. In the 1950s, the Appraisal Team was led by Zhang Heng with the participation of Xie Zhiliu and Han Shenxian.)
The scroll includes the poem about bamboo by Qin Shaoyou. Xu Hanqin praised the work for its lyrical sensitivity and modest use of ink and paper. However, the origin of Qin's calligraphic practice is hard to trace. Therefore, the word "attributed to" is used in the description to invite people with more knowledge to render further insight.