VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles (acquired directly from the artist in 1993).
Marisa del Rey Gallery, New York.
Acquired from the above by the present owner.
Toyama, Museum of Modern Art, Sam Francis, March-April 1989 (illustrated in colour, p. 39). This exhibition later travelled to Karuizawa, Museum of Modern Art Seibu Takanawa; Shiga, Museum of Modern Art; Kurashiki, Ohara Museum of Art and Tokyo, Setagaya Art Museum.