Our knowledge about Krüger's life and work is very poor. He was born in Danzig in 1680. On 3 January 1711 he was employed as a amber and ivory worker at the Dresden Kunstkammer, and in September of that year the Russian Tsar Peter visited his shop and ordered by him some fine ivory turned cups. In 1733 he became the Court ivory and amber carver under Elector Friedrich August II and died in 1756. Krüger worked for the Elector for a total of 45 years, mainly for the Grünes Gewölbe Kunstkammer in Dresden.
Very similar figures of beggars can be found in the collection of the V&A, London, inv. nos. A.11-1949 and A.12-1949.