The present figures are typical of the early religious works modelled at the factory by Kirchner and Kändler. Larger altar figures of the Madonna are widely considered to be masterpieces of both artists career at Meissen. The subjects appear in the work records of both sculptors from about 1733 onwards, thereby making a firm attribution problematic. For the figure of the Madonna of the Immaculate Conception see Ernst Zimmermann, Meissener Porzellan (Leipzig, 1926), pl. 153, W.B. Honey, Dresden China (London, 1954), pl. lxvb, for examples of both see Rainer Rückert, Meissener Porzellan 1710-1810 (Munich, 1966), nos. 901 and 904.