The Nolambas were a powerful dynasty that ruled over parts of what is now the state of Karnataka as vassals of the mighty Rashtrakuta Empire. Following that empire's collapse in the late 10th century, the Nolambas were overrun by the Western Gangas - the Ganga king Marasimha took the name Nolambakulantaka ("Slayer of the Nolambas"). For another South Indian granite figure of Ayyanar, but in lalitasana, in the James and Marilynn Alsdorf Collection, cf. P. Pal, A Collecting Odyssey, 1997, cat. no. 295.