Andreas Schlüter (1659-1714) was the most important sculptor architect working in North-Eastern Europe around 1700. Under the patronage of Elector Frederick III of Brandenburg, later Frederick I of Prussia, Schlüter was summoned to Berlin to become co-director of the Akademie der Künste in 1694. He remained in Berlin untill 1713. the last year of his life was spent in St Petersburg working for Peter the great on various projects mainly around the Peterhof.
The original monument of Frederick William the 'Great Elector' was one of the most important comissions Schlüter received from frederick III. It now stands in front of the Charlottenburg, Berlin. Schlüter started work on this comission in 1696, the bronze was cast in one piece in 1700 by Johann Jacobi (1661-1726) and erected in 1703 in the centre of the Lange Brücke next to the Königliches Schloss, echoing the Pont Neuf in Paris. It was the first large equestrian public monument erected in Germany and it was much admired, drawing comparisons to the famous equestrian groups of Marcus Aurelius in Rome and that of Louis XIV by Francois Girardon in Paris.
The first reduction by Kiss, was cast in iron by the Royal Iron foundry Gleiwitz in 1828.
See: P. Bloch, et. al. Ethos und Pathos Berlin 1990, pp. 142 & 143; Auch die Quuen war begeistert, Sabine Spindler, Weltkunst, vol 12, 2005, pp. 56-60.