Lord Zuckerman (1904-1993) was a leading anatomist and political advisor. Born in Cape Town, Solly Zuckerman came to London in 1926 to study at University College Hospital Medical School. In 1928 he began his career as Resident Anatomist at the London Zoological Society, and between 1934-1945 taught at Oxford University, where he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.
During the war he developed several research projects which included the design of the 'Zuckerman helmet' for the War Office, a civilian protective helmet issued in December 1940 to civil defence organisations and the general public. His research throughout the war led him to become the scientific advisor to the Royal Air Force and the Allied forces based in the Mediterranean. His later research saw him offering theories on birth-control drugs before they were invented and predicting human organ transplants, or 'spare-part surgery' as he called it.
In 1977 he became the President of the London Zoological Society. He was knighted in 1956 and was awarded a life peerage in 1971, taking the title Baron Zuckerman, of Burnham Thorpe in the County of Norfolk.