A very similar brocade badge of an oriole, dated to the Qianlong period, in the Chris Hall collection is illustrated in Power Dressing, Asian Civilisations Museum, Singapore, 2006, pp. 248-9, no. 73. The entry notes that during the Ming dynasty the oriole was one of three birds, along with the quail and paradise flycatcher, that identified a civil official of the eighth or ninth rank. During the Qing dynasty the oriole was no longer used for this purpose, but in 1776 it was designated the insignia of court musicians by the Qianlong emperor.