During the early 20th century, there were several horological companies that began making the Masonic Pocket Watch. Freemasonry has been around since the late 16th century. The best known Masonic watches came from William Wallace Dudley, a watchmaker as well as a freemason. Waltham also made several Masonic watches, in both open and hunter cases with painted porcelain dials. The dials featured symbols in place of hour numbers, but had smaller Arabic or Roman numerals along the outer edge. Those with Roman numerals marked hours also, but those with Arabic numerals marked minutes in increments of 5.
Independent Order of Odd Fellows (IOOF), also known as the Three Link Fraternity stood for Friendship, Love and Truth. The American group is derived from the similar British Oddfellows service organizations which came into being during the 18th century. They came to be known as "Odd Fellows" because at that time, it was odd to find people organized for the purpose of giving aid to those in need and of pursuing projects for the benefit of all mankind. The Independent Order of Odd Fellows was founded in North American in Baltimore, Maryland, on April 26, 1819 when Thomas Wildey and four members of the Order from England instituted Washington Lodge No. 1.