According to the inscription on the movement of the present watch, it is fitted with Paillard's patented palladium spring. Charles Auguste Paillard (1840-1895), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, followed in his parents' footsteps (his father was an adjuster and his mother made hairsprings) by becoming a watchmaker, specializing in the repair of marine chronometers.
In 1862 Paillard settled as an adjuster in Geneva and continued his experiments with palladium hairsprings until inventing a non-magnetic hairspring in 1877. The same year he presented two watches with palladium hairsprings at the Geneva Observatory Timing Contest and both received First Class rating certificates. In 1881 Paillard was awarded a gold medal by the Geneva Society of Arts for his inventions and as of the following year, Swiss chronometer makers used his palladium alloy for making non-magnetic, rust-free hairsprings.
Around 1885 Paillard completed his invention with a non-magnetic compensation balance.
Marcks & Co., Bombay & Poona, were specialized in the retail of fine timepieces made for the Indian Market, usually featuring Swiss movements with every conceivable complication.