1910 PEUGEOT TYPE 134 22HP TOURER
Chassis No. 12506
Engine No. FD 12553
Cream paintwork - for restoration
Engine: four cylinder, 108mm x 130mm bore & stroke, 4,763cc (290ci.); Gearbox: cone clutch, shaft drive with four-speed and reverse; Suspension: semi-elliptic leaf springs; Brakes: internal expanding brakes on rear wheels and transmission foot brake; Chassis: pressed-steel, wheelbase 128 inches. Right hand drive.
By the time that Automobiles Peugeot made the Type 134 the French family firm, with its engineering roots going well back into the nineteenth century, had been making motor cars for twenty years.
Armand Peugeot was not quite the first motor car maker to build vehicles to a standard pattern and sell them to the public, that honor undoubtedly belongs to Carl Benz, but he was the first French manufacturer to do so, just ahead of Panhard-Levassor who happened to supply him with engines built under license from Daimler. A Peugeot took first prize in the first properly organized motor race: the Paris-Bordeaux-Paris event of 1895, even though Levassor arrived back in the French capital ahead of the field, his car did not meet the regulations. Little has changed in motor racing over the subsequent 105 years! By 1896 Peugeot was making its own engines and the engineering integrity of its products (evident to anyone who examines surviving cars) was second to none.
In 1910 the great days of the Peugeot twin-overhead camshaft racing cars lay just around the corner. The quality of the production cars during the time period was excellent. With over 20 plus models available from a docile 9hp two cylinder runabout to an 11 litre 60hp six cylinder, Peugeot ensured there was a type to suit every buyer. The business was profitable, but with a total production of 2,352 cars that were of a bespoke nature and no one model was built in substantial numbers.
The Type 134 was made only for the 1910 season and although its 4.7 litre engine, sporting lines and a top speed of 60 mph should have made it a good seller, only 16 examples of the model were built in total. This may have been a consequence of the Type 134's rather steep price undoubtedly combined with the competition from the American manufacturers who were producing similar cars that matched the Peugeot's performance for less money. It would take the publicity from Peugeot's racing triumphs of 1912 onwards to see the production car volume increase to some 5,000 cars in 1913.
With its factory documented paperwork, this 134 is certainly quite an interesting and rare example. The car has been in its current ownership since 1965 according to paperwork on file. Though currently in largely incomplete condition, as it is missing much of the interior, this Type 134 is currently fitted with passenger touring bodywork. The interior is incomplete and requires ancillary parts, seats and trim material. The mostly new bodywork is finished in cream and some items, such as a replica snake horn, have been fitted to the car. This touring Peugeot represents one of the more special and significant designs of its time. When complete it will undoubtedly be admired for both its rarity and its attractive design.