The stock can be attributed to Peter Opel on stylistic grounds. The carving compares very closely to that on two stocks in the Hofjagd- und Leibrstkammer, Vienna (inv. nos. D 89 and D 213), the latter of which is signed (Schedelmann, op. cit., p. 33, pl. 57), and another (unsigned) in the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich (inv. no. W 629). A second signed stock is in the Muse de l'Arme, Paris (inv. no. M 83), and a third in the Waddesdon Bequest (inv. no. WB 7), on a rifle bequeathed to the British Museum by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild in 1898. The stock attributed to Opel in the Victoria and Albert Museum (inv. no. M. 48-1953) is carved in a somewhat different style.
The scenes of the chase are derived from prints by the Nuremberg artist Virgil Solis (1514-62).
The arms above one figure on the barrel are almost certainly those of Brandenburg. The rifle is therefore likely to have belonged to Christian I, Elector of Saxony (1560-1591), or to his wife Sophia, daughter of Johann Georg, Elector of Brandenburg, whom he married in 1582.