This particular panel depicts Titus intervening on behalf of the inhabitants of Jerusalem. During the siege of the city in 70 AD its inhabitants surrendered to the occupying forces of the Romans and Syrians and handed over their gold treasures to ensure their survival. The soldiers, however, set out to massacre the civilians instead of taking them prisoners. When Titus was informed, he intervened and threatened to have the attacking soldiers killed. The facts presented in this tapestry series do, however, not appear to reflect history, which paints a much more desperate end for the city.
A tapestry of identical design was in the famed collection of Prince Anatole Demidoff, Palazzo San Donato, Florence and sold 15 March 1880, lot 1526. Another version is at the Hermitage, Saint Petersburg and one at the Art Institute in Chicago.