The naturalistic carvings symbolising 'Peace and Plenty' are conceived in the Louis Quatorze fashion popularised around 1690 by the architect Daniel Marot (d. 1752) and the sculptor Grinling Gibbons (d. 1721), 'Carver in Wood' to William III and Mary II. With their peace trophies of Fame's palm-wrapped and dove-guarded trumpets, they relate to Gibbons' Hampton Court sketches for majestic chimneypiece 'top pieces'. The latters' palm and laurel-festooned trumpets accompanied armorial trophies that recalled the Roman 'Trophies of Marius', and celebrated William's achievement as 'peace-bearer' in 1690; while their beribboned garlands of fruit and flowers also served to recall the 'Golden Age' of Virgil's Fourth Eclogue (D. Esterley, Grinling Gibbons and the Art of Carving, London, 1998, figs. 107 and 109).
Gibbons, celebrated for the naturalistic illusionism of his wood carvings, was described as 'an original genius' and 'a citizen of nature' in Horace Walpole's Anecdotes of painting in England, 1762-71. The present carvings relate to the overmantels executed in his workshops for the Eating Room, Privy Chamber and Withdrawing Room at Hampton Court Palace (Esterley, op cit., pls. 98-100).