No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 17.5% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis
NEO-CLASSICAL SCULPTURE FORMERLY IN THE LARDEREL COLLECTION
Francesco Giacomo Larderel (1789-1858) was originally of French origin but moved to Italy and was a successful industrialist. In 1818, he founded a plant which extracted boric acid from the Lagoons of Montecerboli. He eventually employed large numbers of people in the area and was made Count of Montecerboli by the Grand Duke of Tuscany in recognition for his services to the local economy and, presumably, his own newly acquired wealth. Between 1832 and 1854, Larderel built a palace in Livorno where he housed a collection of art and curiosities. In a guide of 1894 it was written, 'the palace has a rich and beautiful private gallery. It consists of family portraits... a collection of ancient and modern paintings, statues, marble busts, trophies, weapons... ivory, enamel and bronze works, works by the della Robbia, vases, minerals, mummies, cabinets and other rare and precious objects.' The following eight lots were presumably part of the collection formed by Larderel in the 1820s, '30s and '40s. They were purchased by the vendor's family at a sale of works of art from the Palazzo Larderel in Livorno circa 1970.