The "four lobed medallion" design is one of the most enduring and widely copied of the various medallions used at Ushak. The earliest examples probably date from the fifteenth century. It is difficult to say whether it was originally conceived as a centralised medallion design or as an overall repeat design. Examples of both appear to date from the earliest period (Rippon Boswell, Wiesbaden, 11 May 1991, lot 131; Hali, vol.6, no.4, cover and p.l14, p.366. For a complete list of the early Ushak examples known at the time see note 58, p.378). Not surprisingly it is the centralised version which was adopted by a number of vallage centres both in west and east Anatolia, certainly from the seventeenth century and possibly earlier (Textile Gallery advertisement, Hali, 34, pp.68-69). It is a design which is found in a number of eighteenth century village rugs (Christie's, Davide Halevim sale, 14 February 2001, lot 24 among a number of others), and continued into the nineteenth.
The drawing of the present rug is more angular than is found on most, notably in the border. Its design is a very angular rendering of the ragged palmette border, related also to an Ushak design found for example on a Lotto rug in the Victoria and Albert museum (Hali, vol.6, no.4, pl.11, p.365).
The ground material of the border is also unusual, being camel hair. This links the present rug to a small group of village rugs with angular drawing, often with camel hair fields, normally dated to the 16th or 17th centuries (Ölcer, Nazan et al: Turkish carpets from the 13th-18th centuries, Istanbul, 1996, pl.60, p.84; Eskenazi, J.: Il Tappeto Orientale dal XV al XVIII secolo, London, 1981, pl.16, p.80; Christie's New York 12 September 1989, lot 108 and Christie's London, 27 April 1995, lot 502 among a few others).