The three-dimensional applied carving at crest, skirt, and knees provides a lively contrast to the relatively plainer surfaces of this chair. While the chair offered here is more elaborately carved, it shares a similar pattern to that offered as lot 556. Listed as a cabinetmaker in the 1785 Philadelphia Directory, and as a joiner in 1791 and 1793, on Arch (now Mulberry) Street, between Second and Front Streets, John Gillingham was an active member of the woodworking trade for at least five decades. William McPherson Hornor, in his Blue Book: Philadelphia Furniture (Washington, reprint, 1977) cites John Gillingham many times and as giving valuations on "fish Skins and horse Skin," ostensibly a type of exotic imported woods in 1745; Hornor also mentions a "pair high drws & one dressing table" again of "horse flesh," listed in Gillingham's own inventory, taken after his death in 1794. The uncle of the well-known cabinetmaker James Gillingham (1738-1781), Gillingham died of yellow fever in 1793 (Hornor, p.237).