An interesting feature of this garniture set is the way in which the gu-shaped vases were made to function both as flower-vases and as candlesticks. The pierced liner and pricketstick on each vase are removeable and can be fitted as individual pieces as befits the function required. Compare this with an early 18th-century round gu-vase from the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington D. C., which has a similar lining pierced with apertures to resemble the top of a lotus pod, illustrated by Sir Harry Garner, Chinese and Japanese Cloisonne Enamels, London, 1977, pl. 66.
A five-piece garniture with identical enamel designs is illustrated by H. Brinker and A. Lutz, Chinese Cloisonne, The Pierre Uldry Collection, Zurich, 1989, pl. 267.