A similar bowl was sold in our Hong Kong Rooms, 2 November 1999, lot 536 and in our Singapore Rooms, 30 March 1997, lot 388, from the Yangzhitang Collection. For a Qianlong example, see Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong, Qing Porcelain from the Palace Museum, 1989, p. 392, col. pl. 73.
The combination of the lotus and mandarin ducks forms the auspicious rebus, fu fu he he, which may be translated as 'harmony for the married couple', A Chinese-English Glossary and Illustrations of Antique, Woods, 1989, fig. 127