For a similar bowl from the Mottahedeh collection, see Howard and Ayers, China for the West, London and New York, 1978, vol. I, pp. 223 and 224, no. 221, where the authors suggest that these bowls were probably copying earlier versions which would have had greater detail. They suggest that the scene has probably been taken from an engagement during the Seven Years War (1756-63). A slightly smaller similar bowl but with smoke billowing from some of the ships is illustrated by Hervouët and Bruneau, La Porcelaine des Compagnies des Indes à Décor Occidental, Paris, 1986, p. 48, fig. 2.37.