Compare the screen with 'cut-out' apertures formerly in the Museum of Classical Chinese Furniture Collection, illustrated by Sarah Handler, 'The Chinese Screen: Movable Walls to Divide, Enhance and Beautify', Journal of the Classical Chinese Furniture Society, Summer 1993, p. 23; and Wang et al., Masterpieces from the Museum of Classical Chinese Furniture, Chicago and San Francisco, 1995, p. 156, no. 73, sold in these rooms, 19 September, 1996, lot 107.
Compare, also, the 18th century twelve-panel screen included by John Kwang-Ming Ang in the exhibition, The Beauty of Huanghuali, Tapei, 14 October - 5 November, 1995, no. 26.
A twelve-panel screen mounted with its original paintings, dating to the late 17th century, is in the Minneapolis Institute of Art, and illustrated by Jacobsen and Grindley in Classical Chinese Furniture, The Minneapolis Institute of Art, 1999, no. 54. The present lot relates well to the Minneapolis screen in having some solid decorative panels against the reticulated background. However, the subject matter of the eighteen luohans is an unusual one in furniture and there appear to be no related examples with such decoration.