Two identical vases of this shape and size, and with the same dark ox-blood-red glaze, were previously sold at auction: one from the Estate of Bertha Tilly, sold at Sotheby's New York, 3 December 1986, lot 260; and the other sold in our New York Rooms, 28 March 1996, lot 387; and a third is illustrated by Wang Qingzheng, 'Yongzheng Imitations of Guan, Ge, Ru and Jun Wares', Chinese Ceramics, Selected Articles from Orientations 1982-1998, Hong Kong, 1999, p. 270, fig. 9.
Compare also with two related vases decorated with a glaze in imitation of junyao, of similar shape to the present lot but with perforated slots on the feet, one illustrated by J. Ayers, Chinese Ceramics in the Baur Collection, vol. 2, Geneva, 1999, pl. 263 [A353], where the author notes that the vase was made after the style of a Han dynasty bronze vessel; and the other sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 30 October 2002, lot 230. The Kangxi prototype of this type of vase, with Langyao glaze and inscribed with an imperial Qianlong poem, is illustrated in Monochrome Porcelain, The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Hong Kong, 1999, vol. 37, pl. 14.
The present example could be based on an ancient bronze shape or could be based on Song dynasty Longquan celadon or guanyao vases of this shape, themselves influenced by early bronze forms. See for example, the Longquan celadon vase in the collection of Mrs. Alfred Clark, illustrated by G. Gompertz, Chinese Celadon Wares, London, 1958, pl. 73B; and the guanyao example included in the exhibition Treasures from the Palace Museum, Tokyo, 1982, illustrated in the Catalogue, no. 44. Compare also, the bronze-inspired flambe-glazed hu-shaped vase, very similar in form to the present lot, but with the addition of tubular handles, illustrated in op. cit., Hong Kong, 1999, vol. 37, pl. 180.