This striking style was achieved by painting in underglaze-blue, applying a normal colourless porcelain glaze and firing the piece. After firing, the yellow enamel was applied to the ground area, carefully avoiding all the areas with blue-underglaze painting. The piece was then refired.
A number of dishes of this pattern are in the National Palace Museum, Taibei, one illustrated in Special Exhibition of Ch'eng Hua Porcelain, 1976, Catalogue no. 139; another illustrated in Blue and White Ware of the Ming Dynasty, Book IV, pl. 11; and two included in the Illustrated Catalogue of Ming Dynasty Porcelain, pls. 72 and 73. Other similar dishes in world renowned collections include one in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, illustrated in Oriental Ceramics, the World's Great Collections, vol. II, col. pl. 16; one in the Percival David Foundation in the Illustrated Catalogue of Ming Polychrome Wares, Section 5, London, 1978, pl. III, no. 26; one from the Victoria and Albert Musuem, illustrated by J. Ayers, Far Eastern Ceramics in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1980, pl. 153; and another from the Robert Chang Collection, included in An Exhibition of Important Chinese Ceramics from the Robert Chang Collection, Christie's London, 1993, Catalogue, no. 25.
Identical dishes have also been sold, one in these Rooms, 20 March 1997, lot 140, and most recently, in our London Rooms, 15 November 2000, lot 21.