Compare with a related figure of Ming dynasty date but of a smaller size (27.9 cm. high) in the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, illustrated in Hai-wai Yi-chen, Chinese Art in Overseas Collections: Buddhist Sculpture, vol. II, p. 191, no. 181. Ming dynasty Buddhist sculptures of this type appear to be formulaic in the hand gestures, inner robes tied across the mid-rif and seated with crossed legs on a cast circular base. Compare with two other figures with similar iconography: the first, a seated Budda in the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts; and the other, a Bodhisattva in the Denver Art Museum, both examples are illustrated ibid., vol. I, p. 181, no. 167 and p. 191, no. 176, respectively.