In the second half of the 18th Century, the masonic lodges began to establish their own halls and to commission not only insignia but also items which reflected their social aspect. In addition to glasses and decanters, they commissioned porcelain mugs and punch bowls from China, with carefully specified decoration in overglaze enamels. This masonic punch bowl is unusually large. Compare the slightly smaller bowl (37cm. diam.) with very similar decoration on both exterior and interior, which is in the Museum of the United Grand Lodge of England, and is illustrated by Hervouët and Bruneau, La Porcelain des Compagnies des Indes à Décor Occidental, Paris, 1986, p.282, colour plates 12.10 a and b. Interestingly, this bowl is inscribed on the pink enamel band on the exterior RICHARD WHITE and dated 1792. See also ibid. p.279, fig.12.2 for a smaller bowl (28cm. diam.) with similar interior, which is in the Winterthur Museum; and another (29.8cm. diam.) with the same stonemason's tools in similar clusters but without the Temple roundel, ibid, p.280, fig. 12.3a, which is from the Mottahedeh Collection, and is also illustrated by Howard and Ayers, China for the West, London and New York, 1978, vol.I, pp. 326 and 327, no.323.