Previously sold in Hong Kong, 15 November 1988, lot 211.
Similar vases have been sold in these Rooms, 13 January 1987, lot 527, and in our London Rooms, 8 December 1986, lots 358 and 367. Qianlong vases of this design and size are also illustrated by Valenstein, A Handbook of Chinese Ceramics, pl. 159 in the Metropolitan Museum, New York; in the S.C. Ko Tianminlou Collection, Catalogue no. 60; and in the Catalogue of Porcelain of the National Palace Museum, Blue-and-White Ware of the Ch'ing Dynasty, pl. 4.
The shape of this vessel is based on a 13th-century Islamic metal form, first translated by Chinese potters during the 15th century. For the Ming prototype of this design, compare the ewer illustrated by Pope, Chinese Porcelains from the Ardebil Shrine, pl. 54 (lower right), and the one sold in these Rooms, 31 October 1994, lot 548A.