Previously sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 20 November 1984, lot 354.
Cf. a similar vase painted with this design in the National Palace Museum, Taiwan, illustrated in Blue and White Ware of the Ch'ing Dynasty, Book II, pl. 12; and included in the Museum's Special Exhibition of K'ang-Hsi, Yung-cheng and Ch'ien-lung Porcelain, Taiwan, 1986, illustrated in the Catalogue, no. 72. Compare also other vases of this type, one illustrated in The S. C. Ko Tianminlou Collection, Hong Kong, 1987, pl. 62; one illustrated by Liu Liang-Yu, A Survey of Chinese Ceramics, vol. 5, p. 179; and another included in the Kau Chi Society exhibition, Ancient Chinese Ceramics, Hong Kong, 1981, illustrated in the Catalogue, no. 119.
This vase is inspired by early Ming examples, such as the underglaze-red-decorated vase in the Palace Museum, Beijing, illustrated in Sekai Toji Zenshu, Tokyo, 1981, vol. 13, pl. 78.